Anand R. Kumar, MD, FACS, FAAP is the Dewayne Greenwood Richey II Endowed Professor of Plastic Surgery and Pediatrics at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. A pediatric plastic/craniofacial surgeon and basic science researcher, he conducts investigation into the cellular biology of muscle derived progenitor cells as a source of pathologic heterotopic ossification and for novel regenerative medicine applications. His clinical practice focuses on cleft and craniofacial surgery including craniosynostosis, correction of hypertelorism(wide eyes), pediatric and adolescent facial skeletal deformities (Pierre Robin Sequence) with airway obstruction using traditional orthognathic (jaw) surgery and distraction osteogenesis.
Dr. Kumar established the center for facial skeletal surgery and the center for pediatric craniofacial surgery first at The Johns Hopkins Hospital and now at Rainbow Babies Children’s Hospital of Case Western University respectively with an emphasis on multidisciplinary care for cleft and cranio-dentofacial anomalies. He has led efforts to improve outcomes in pediatric sleep apnea using skeletal surgery and distraction osteogenesis for multilevel airway obstruction. In addition, he has participated in multi-institutional trials for improvement of clinical outcomes in neonatal tongue base collapse (Pierre-Robin Sequence).
Dr. Kumar leads the craniobiology/regenerative medicine research team with a keen interest in muscle derived progenitor cell biology. Using in vitro, organotypic, and invivo murine bone defect models, his team studies cell migration, cell survival and fate tracking, and osteogenic differentiation using fluorescent protein expressing cells, confocal cell imaging technology, and hypothesis neutral RNA-seq studies. The craniobiology research team is poised to unlock the osteogenic potential of these unique cells to heal critical bone defects of the craniofacial skeleton. His team's novel study has been recognized and supported by the Plastic Surgery Research Foundation, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons, and the Johns Hopkins Military & Veterans Institute.
Dr. Kumar as authored over 60 original scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals and contributed to multiple plastic and orthopedic surgery textbooks over the last 14 years. He serves as a reviewer for many plastic surgery and basic science journals and has been invited as a speaker or panelist to many institutions and at organizational meetings across the United States. He currently serves as Vice President of Communications on the board of the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS). In addition, he serves on multiple committees in the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgeons (AAPPS), and the ASMS.
As an honor student in the biological sciences at the University of California, Irvine, Dr. Kumar received his medical degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He completed his general surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic Rochester and later completed a second residency in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He subsequently completed a pediatric plastic/craniofacial surgery fellowship after his residency at UCLA. In 2004, prior to his academic appointment, Dr. Kumar volunteered for military service and joined the United States Navy until 2010. In Bethesda, MD, he served as director and staff pediatric plastic surgeon of the Military Craniofacial Unit at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. He served as division chief in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda and on board the United States Naval Support Hospital Ship Comfort. In 2010, Dr. Kumar was recruited to the University of Pittsburgh and later in 2013 to the Johns Hopkins Hospital prior to his appointment as Division Chief of Pediatric Plastic/ Cranio- maxillofacial Surgery at Rainbow Babies Children’s Hospital.
1. Srinivas M. Susarla, DMD, MD, MPH, Jens U. Berli, MD, Anand Kumar, MD. Midfacial Volumetric and Upper Lip Soft Tissue Changes After Le Fort I Advancement of the Cleft Maxilla. Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery. April 2015; Volume 73(4): 708-18.
2. Andrews BT, Thurston TE, Tanna N, Broer PN, Levine JP, Kumar A, Bradley JP. A Multicenter Experience With Image-Guided Surgical Navigation: Broadening Clinical Indications in Complex Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. June 2015; 26(4): 1136-9.
3. Wendy Chen, M.D., M.S., Edward H Davidson, MA (Cantab) MBBS, Zoe M MacIsaac, MD, Anand Raj Kumar, MD. Mapping the Mandibular Lingula in Pierre Robin Sequence: A Guide to the Inverted-L Osteotomy. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. September 2015; Volume 26 (6): 1847-52.
4. Susarla SM, Andrews R, Hilal N, Swanson EW, Susarla HK, Martin BS, Kumar AR. Is canine eruption velocity affected by the presence of allograft within a repaired alveolar cleft? Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery. October 2015; Volume 73(10): 1888-93.
5. Davidson E, Kumar AR. A Preliminary Three Dimensional Analysis of Nasal Aesthetics Following LeFort I Advancement in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. October 2015; Volume 26(7): e629-33.
6. Edward W. Swanson, M.D., Hsu-Tang Cheng, M.D., Srinivas M. Susarla, D.M.D., M.D., M.P.H., Denver M. Lough, M.D., Ph.D., Anand Kumar, M.D. Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Applied to Closed Incisions Following Ventral Hernia Repair Prevents Wound Complications and Hernia Recurrence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery (Chirurgie Plastique). Summer 2016; Volume 24(2): 113-118.
7. Srinivas M. Susarla, DMD, MD, MPH; Erin M. Rada, MD; Joseph Lopez, MD, MBA; Edward W. Swanson, MD; Richard J. Redett, MD; Anand R. Kumar, MD. Does the H index correlate with academic rank among full-time academic craniofacial surgeons? Journal of Surgical Education. October 2016; Volume pii: S1931-7204(16)30146-5.
8. Qiongyu Guo, Devin Miller, Howard Wang, Joseph Lopez, Denver Lough, and Anand Kumar. Controlled heat stress promotes myofibrillogenesis during myogenesis. PLoS ONE November 2016; 11(11): e0166294. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166294
9. Srinivas M. Susarla, DMD, MD, MPH; Zoe M. MacIsaac, MD; Edward W. Swanson, MD; Edward H. Davidson MA (Cantab) MBBS; Anand R. Kumar, MD, FAAP, FACS. Bone allograft and acellular dermal matrix as adjunct materials in cleft Le Fort I osteotomies. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. January 2017; 28(1):225-226.
10. Susarla SM, Mundinger GS, Chang C, Swanson E, Lough D, Rottgers SA, Redett RJ, Kumar AR. Gastrostomy placement rates in infants with Pierre Robin Sequence: A comparison of tongue-lip adhesion to mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. January 2017;139(1):149-154.
11. Denver Lough MD,PhD , Edward Swanson MD, Nikolai Sopko MD, PhD, Christopher Madsen MD, Devin Miller MD, Howard Wang MD, Qiongyu Guo PhD, Srinivas M. Sursala DMD, MD, MPH, and Anand Kumar MD. Regeneration of Vascularized Corticocancellous Bone and Diploic Space using Muscle-Derived Stem Cells: A Translational Biologic Alternative for Healing Critical Bone Defects. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. April 2017;139(4):893-905.
12. Howard D. Wang, MD; Qiongyu Guo, PhD; Amy Quan, MPH; Joseph Lopez, MD, MBA; Jose C. Alonso-Escalante, MD; Denver M. Lough, MD, PhD; WP Andrew Lee, MD; Gerald Brandacher, MD; Anand R. Kumar, MD. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Induction of Muscle-Derived Stem Cells Enhances Vascular Phenotype While Preserving Myogenic Potential. Ann Plast Surg. 2017 Oct;79(4):404-409.
13. Howard D. Wang, MD; Denver M. Lough, MD, PhD; David Kurlander MD; Joseph Lopez, MD, MBA; Amy Quan, MD, MPH; Anand R. Kumar, MD. Muscle-Derived Stem Cell Enriched Scaffolds Are Capable of Enhanced Healing of a Murine Volumetric Muscle Loss Defect. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. Accepted.